Illegal and medical drugs are well cataloged all around the world. In Canada, the Canadian Food and Drug Act and Regulation decide what can or cannot be sold in Canada. It also decides which drugs require a prescription and which are sold over the counter along with their use and distribution within our borders.
But some people find ways to counter these laws by creating new chemical substances resembling categorized drugs. Since the chemical structure is different they do not fall under existing laws and cannot be classified as illegal drugs. In many countries, these can be sold without legal ramifications since they are not part of the list of controlled substances. In the US reports of “Bath salts” and “Krokodil” were publicized a few years back. Synthetic cannabis has also made an appearance in the designer drug world. Called “synthetic marijuana,” “herbal incense,” or “herbal smoking blends” also known as K2, Spice, Black Mamba, Bombay Blue, Krypton to name a few.
The ingredients and potency of designer drugs vary a lot. Because they are made illegally in underground labs it is difficult or nearly impossible to know what is in them or what effect they will have on people. They have been known to have dangerous side effects. Some designer drugs can be much stronger than the drugs they resemble, this increases the chance of overdose. Also, small errors in their production could result in something very different and deadlier than what was sought after in the first place.